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After the third in command, John Keane, was shot in the groin, command devolved to John Lambert, an uninspired soldier. Efforts instead shifted to taking Fort St. Philip, the main strong point defending New Orleans from river assault.

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That siege also failed. Both sides had signed the Treaty of Ghent on December 24, , although it still needed to be ratified by Congress. The victory in New Orleans brought to a close with a resounding victory a conflict that had seen numerous military disasters for the Americans. And, in earning a victory that ensured that New Orleans would not be sacked or set alight like the White House, Jackson became a national hero.

Before the battle, Jackson showed an impressive ability to forge alliances and an iron will that was a prerequisite for military victory. However, in the fighting's aftermath, Jackson showed his penchant for pettiness, pride and pointless pugnacity. Even as the British shifted to capture Mobile, first news of the treaty ending the war arrived.

But Jackson was not sure of the situation.

Old Hickory: Andrew Jackson and the American People by Albert Marrin

In return, Jackson had him jailed. District Court judge Dominic A. Hall signed a writ of habeas corpus for the imprisoned senator, and for his trouble he, too, was jailed. A military court exonerated Louaillier, but Jackson ignored the verdict and kept the politician detained.

Hall was exiled from the city until martial law passed, at which point he returned and brought Jackson to court. Jackson's supporters, including many of the buccaneers, gathered inside.

When Jackson left the courthouse, he was surrounded by admirers and veterans of the battle. The buccaneers unhitched the horses on his wagon and pulled it down the street as people cheered and booed.

The Public Relations Strategy That Made Andrew Jackson President

Throughout his career, Jackson would inspire fear and hatred, but also devotion and love. Then, as now, Jackson did not inspire mildness. The fine levied against Jackson left the city initially divided. But in time, he became a local hero for winning one of America's most lopsided victories. For a discussion of the history and nature of the presidency, see presidency of the United States of America.

More on Andrew Jackson & New Orleans

Andrew Jackson did not have much formal education as a child, and he was imprisoned by the British during the American Revolution , when he was in his teens. However, he later studied law and became a lawyer and a politician. As leader of the Tennessee militia, during the War of Andrew Jackson decisively defeated the Creek Indians allied with the British. His heroic defeat of the British in the Battle of New Orleans cemented his reputation as a war hero. In —18 he responded to Seminole raids into Georgia by taking control of Spanish Florida.

Andrew Jackson was the first to be elected president by appealing to the mass of voters rather than the party elite. He established the principle that states may not disregard federal law. Jackson was born on the western frontier of the Carolinas, an area that was in dispute between North Carolina and South Carolina , and both states have claimed him as a native son. Jackson maintained that he was born in South Carolina, and the weight of evidence supports his assertion. The area offered little opportunity for formal education, and what schooling he received was interrupted by the British invasion of the western Carolinas in — In the latter year he was captured by the British.

Shortly after being imprisoned, he refused to shine the boots of a British officer and was struck across the face with a sabre. His mother and two brothers died during the closing years of the war, direct or indirect casualties of the invasion of the Carolinas. After the end of the American Revolution , he studied law in an office in Salisbury , North Carolina, and was admitted to the bar of that state in In he went to the Cumberland region as prosecuting attorney of the western district of North Carolina—the region west of the Appalachians, soon to become the state of Tennessee.

When Jackson arrived in Nashville , the community was still a frontier settlement. As prosecuting attorney, Jackson was principally occupied with suits for the collection of debts. He was so successful in these litigations that he soon had a thriving private practice and had gained the friendship of landowners and creditors. For almost 30 years Jackson was allied with this group in Tennessee politics. Jackson boarded in the home of Col. He had gone to Nashville as a political appointee, and in he became a member of the convention that drafted a constitution for the new state of Tennessee.

In the same year he was elected as the first representative from Tennessee to the U. House of Representatives.

Andrew Jackson Biography: Seventh President of the United States

An undistinguished legislator, he refused to seek reelection and served only until March 4, Jackson returned to Tennessee, vowing never to enter public life again, but before the end of the year he was elected to the U. But in his late teens he read law for about two years, and he became an outstanding young lawyer in Tennessee.

Fiercely jealous of his honor, he engaged in brawls, and in a duel killed a man who cast an unjustified slur on his wife Rachel. Jackson prospered sufficiently to buy slaves and to build a mansion, the Hermitage, near Nashville.

Tennessee politics

He was the first man elected from Tennessee to the House of Representatives, and he served briefly in the Senate. A major general in the War of , Jackson became a national hero when he defeated the British at New Orleans. He also tried to democratize Federal officeholding.

Jackson took a milder view. As national politics polarized around Jackson and his opposition, two parties grew out of the old Republican Party—the Democratic Republicans, or Democrats, adhering to Jackson; and the National Republicans, or Whigs, opposing him. Henry Clay, Daniel Webster, and other Whig leaders proclaimed themselves defenders of popular liberties against the usurpation of Jackson.

Andrew Jackson - US President Review